Cataract Surgery: Minimising the Risks of Complications and Reducing Your Recovery Time

When cataracts develop, the lenses in the eyes can become clouded. This deterioration compromises the vision, and it cannot be resolved through common methods such as prescription glasses, corneal refractive surgery or the use of contact lenses. However, modern cataract surgery, which involves removal of the clouded lens and replacement with artificial alternatives, will allow the restoration of your vision. Moreover, the procedure might reduce your current dependence on glasses. The cataract surgery is not complicated, so it is performed on an outpatient basis. However, poor-post-operative practices can compromise your recovery process. Here are some guidelines on minimising the risk of complications and reducing the recovery time.

Usage of Medication

When the surgical procedure is completed, your doctor will prescribe some eye drops. This medication has antibiotic properties, so it is crucial for smooth healing. In simple terms, the application of this pharmaceutical will reduce the risks of infection. Additionally, it will prevent the inflammation of the tissues which were affected by the surgery. You should use the eye drops as the doctor prescribes, and you should use it for the recommended period, even after the recovery of your eyes. Cataract surgery does not cause a lot of discomfort or pain. However, if necessary, you can request for an oral pain killer prescription.

Strenuous Activity

You should not participate in strenuous activities during your recovery period. Unsuitable actions will cause stress to the eyes and might reduce the probability of an uneventful healing process. You should avoid bending over during the initial days after the surgery. Bending will allow the fluid in the eye to exert pressure on the new lens. Consequently, the tissues around will not heal with ease. Also, you should reduce your heavy lifting for the same reasons. Do not attempt to drive immediately after the surgery; wait until the doctor clears you for safety.

Exposure of the Eye

The exposure of the eye after cataract surgery will increase the risk of infection. In turn, this detriment will slow down the healing process. When the operative procedure is completed, the doctor will provide a shield or pad for the eye. Wear it for the recommended period for optimal results. This product will protect your eye from external debris, and you will minimise incidents of scratching. You should also avoid swimming during the recovery period or wetting the affected eye during showers. If your eyes are not healed, the tissues could sustain serious damage.

For more information on the best post-operative practices, consult your eye doctor.